The rock hyrax, also called rock badger, rock rabbit, and Cape hyrax is a medium-sized terrestrial mammal native to Africa and the Middle East. Commonly referred to in South African English as the dassie. Along with other hyrax species and the manatee, this species is the most closely related to the elephant. Prominent in and apparently unique to hyraxes is the dorsal gland, which excretes an odour used for social communication and territorial marking. The gland is most clearly visible in dominant males. The rock hyrax has a pointed head, short neck, and rounded ears. They have long black whiskers on their muzzles. The rock hyrax has a prominent pair of long, pointed tusk-like upper incisors which are reminiscent of the elephant, to which the hyrax is distantly related.